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Thursday, July 11, 2013

Purpose and philosophy of Adhaan

Both the Adhan (the call to prayer) and the Iqama are called in cities all around the world. The adhan, or Islamic call to prayer, is an integral part of the Muslim faith. Adhan (call to prayer) means ‘announcement,’ as states in the Holy Quran:

"And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolaters. (9:3)|"

One of the amazing facts that has been established is that there is not even a single moment when hundreds of thousands of Muazzins (callers to prayer) around the world are not calling the Adhan on the surface of this earth. Even as you read this material right now, you can be sure there are at least thousands of people who are hearing and reciting the Adhan

Purpose of Adhan:

The adhan serves a double purpose; as well as being an announcement of the time of prayer; it is, at the same time, an announcement of the principles of Islam and the significance underlying them. Of Tawheed, the Risalah, and so on.

  • The adhan is also used in connection with the birth of a child, when the father reads the adhan into the ear of his newborn child.

  • Muezzin (the person who calls the Adhan) approaches to the highest point available (preferably in a mosque) and call in a beautiful voice to announce to the world that it is now the time for prayer. The Muezzin stands facing the Qibla, and raising his hands to his ers delivers the Adhan in a loud voice.

  • Whether in a masjid or an open place, where two or more people are gathered and wish to pray the obligatory prayer together, one should make the Adhan.
 History of Adaan:

 A hadith from Bukhari recounts that the Prophet (PBUH)'s companions one day were discussing how to gather everyone for prayer. Some suggested using a bell as Christians do, and others advised using a ram's horn, following an ancient Jewish practice. Then Umar (R), one of the Prophet's companions, suggested having one person call others to prayer. The Prophet (PBUH) agreed, calling Bilal(R) to recite the adhan.

The Arabic text of the adhan is similar for all five recitations (with a slight difference in the adhan recited for the pre-dawn prayer, which adds the line "Prayer is better than sleep").

Arabic text and meaning in English:

Allah is Most Great.
Allah is Most Great.
Allah is Most Great.
Allah is Most Great.
 I bear witness that there is none worthy of being worshipped except Allah.
I bear witness that there is none worthy of being worshipped except Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah.
Come to prayer.
Come to prayer.
Come to Success.
Come to Success.
Allah is Most Great.
Allah is Most Great.
There is none worthy of being worshipped except Allah.

In the adhan of fajr, one adds, after Falah, As-salatu khayrum-min an-nawm [twice].

Philosophy of Adhan:

As a Muslim we shouldn't seek any logic or reasoning for any Allah's or Prophet (PBUH)'s sayings but -----

Just for information sake... Tafseer can be made on the Adhaan: 
Allahu Akbar is mentioned 4 times in the begginning to show
* Allah is greater than whatever is infront of you
* Allah is greater than whatever is behind you
* Allah is greater than whatever is to your right
* Allah is greater than whatever is to your left

The more technical points state that:
Allah is greater than the 4 Elements of science
Allah is greater than the 4 Famous Angels--------the list goes on because if you look many great thing came in 4 like The Khulafa e Raashideen were 4 etc. etc

As for Allahu Akbar being mentioned at the end 2 times, shows:

* Allah is greater than whatever is on top of you (7 skies)
* Allah is greater than whatever is below you (7 earths)

If you look at all the other statements in Adhaan is basic beliefs. So every time you reply to the Adhan you are renewing your Imaan

The reason you dont say:
Hay- Ya 3las- Salaah (3= ayn)
Hasten towards Salaah
Hay- Ya 3lal- Falaah
Hasten Towards Success

Is because you showing your hopelessness... saying that i cant come to Salaah which is most definitely success xcept by the will of All-Mighty Allah

In Fajr Salaah when...
As Salaatu Khairum minan Nawm
Salaah is better than Sleep
is mentioned
You should reply: Sadaqter wa bararter
You have spoken the truth & you are Free
(the logic behind this is of course the Muezzin is correct by saying Salaah is better than sleep.. Free meaning coz you have conveyed the message)

So next time you hear the Adhaan renew your Imaan




Reference: 'Ummah Forum'

Useful links:
The Virtues of Adhan
Tradition and Heresy in Adhan

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